Knitting industry: globalization is irreversible
Issuing time:2021-02-02 15:01
Gao Yong, Vice President and Secretary-General of China National Textile and Apparel Council, Industry development requires seeking truth from facts
The operation of the textile industry this year, from January to October, the figures provided by the National Bureau of Statistics are relatively optimistic. From January to October, the total output value of the entire textile industry was more than 4,680 billion yuan, a growth rate of 11%, a profit of 181.2 billion yuan, and an export of 209.8 billion US dollars, a 2% increase. Fixed asset investment increased by more than 14% from January to October. From the perspective of the complete industrial chain of the textile industry, the cotton spinning and chemical fiber industries are relatively more difficult. The common problem is the downturn in the international market and lack of confidence in domestic demand.
The cotton spinning industry is mainly due to the special circumstances encountered by the textile industry. The macro policy of cotton has caused the price difference with the international cotton to become larger and larger. Therefore, this year's cotton spinning industry has felt unprecedented difficulties. Many companies report that this year's situation is even more difficult than 2008 and 2009. Due to the impact of the cotton spinning industry in the chemical fiber industry, profits fell by 52%.
Looking at China's manufacturing industry, the situation of the textile industry is still relatively optimistic. Although the growth of the clothing industry is not as good as in previous years, it is still growing slowly. Especially the knitting industry has a very promising development momentum in the entire textile and clothing industry. Many domestic clothing brands have successively developed knitwear products.
From the perspective of profitability, the textile industry is second only to the machinery industry and the precision industry is in third place. In the future, China's economic growth will enter a phase of medium-speed growth. At this special stage, the development of the manufacturing industry requires the industry to analyze and prepare in advance. When formulating the Twelfth Five-Year Plan for the textile industry, we have greatly reduced the expected growth rate of the textile industry. The growth target for the next five years is 8%, and the growth target for fiber processing is 5% by 2020. In 2015, our goal is to build a textile power into a textile power, but this power goal is different from the 15% growth rate 30 years ago, because time has passed, this growth rate is no longer possible.
Therefore, at this stage, we must carefully analyze how industries, industries, and enterprises should develop in the future. Transformation, upgrading, and structural adjustment must be closely integrated with the development of the national economy. Set the development goals of the knitting industry in a targeted manner in the future.
Yang Shibin, Assistant Chairman of China National Textile and Apparel Council, Chairman of China Knitting Industry Association
Global strategy in the next 10 years Looking at 40 industries out of 41 major industries in 2012, the textile industry still stands out. First, the cotton spinning industry is affected by the cotton policy, and its internal and industrial chain cooperation relations have undergone major changes. Secondly, in the chemical fiber field, due to the increased demand for alternatives, especially viscose staple fiber and polyester staple fiber, whether there will be a substantial investment growth in viscose products in the future is very worthy of attention. Finally, the end product situation is better than the upstream, especially the outstanding performance of knitting.
Due to the current globalization of resource allocation, China needs to import 1/3 of cotton, 40% wool, oil, etc., and more than 40% of knitted garments are exported globally. China accepts global commodities and becomes the world's second largest consumer market, such as H﹠M , UNIQLO, Wal-Mart, etc. At the same time, a large number of foreign students studying and working overseas have quietly generated Chinese language craze in many regions, especially Chinese textile companies set up industries in Southeast Asia and Africa, and many multinational companies set up factories and branch offices in China. All these have made globalization irreversible. the trend of.
China's textile and apparel industry needs to integrate into the world to a greater extent, so how to achieve a global layout? It has become a subject that all industries and industries need to think about together. Due to the characteristics of China's textile and garment industry, Chinese knitting enterprises need to step up their efforts to build factories abroad or cooperate with foreign companies in various forms. The goal is to obtain cutting-edge information and technology. Participate in the wave of globalization, confront the world with the world, and seek development.
In the next 10 years, China's garment industry will transform from labor-intensive to capital and technology-intensive. Labor-intensive industry stage: Fully enjoy the demographic dividend. Instead of focusing on research and development, it adopts mature traditional technologies, emphasizing sales channels and close short-distance market relationships. In the capital-intensive stage: huge wealth agglomeration effect. Emphasize the support of technology, patents and legal systems, as well as the composition of a remote market network. Financial arrangements at this stage require a large amount of capital in and out, and a rich financial ecosystem that diversifies risks.
The advent of the third industrial revolution and the advent of the digital revolution are the hotbeds for the transformation from labor-intensive to capital and technology-intensive. Due to the development of information technology, many changes have occurred in the connotation and extension of the concept of manufacturing. The core of the third industrial revolution is the maker revolution. Use the Internet and the latest digital manufacturing technology to create products. Developed countries have re-emphasized and moved back to manufacturing, not because of rising costs in developing countries such as China. Facing the competition from developing countries, China needs to find a new competitive advantage. The textile industry has the first-mover advantage of the first revolution, while the knitting industry has the late-mover advantage of the textile industry. The third industrial revolution will surely bring us a huge advantage in the knitting industry.
Liu Rihong, Director of Strategy Division, Political Research Office, Ministry of Commerce
Various ways to cooperate with foreign companies China is currently in an era of major changes, and many factors in itself are constantly changing. The first change is that the external environment of China's development is constantly changing. Since the international financial crisis, a core content has been debt, such as the debt crises in the United States, Europe, and Japan. The generation of debt can naturally expand consumption and promote economic growth. A country's debt and income generated can be unbalanced within it, but it must be balanced on a global scale.
But on a global scale, the losses caused by one country’s advanced consumption must be remedied by another country. Therefore, the international environment in the next 3 to 5 years will not be very good, because to remedy these losses, we must rely on solid growth and innovation in the real economy. At present, innovations that can truly lead economic growth out of the crisis seem to have not yet emerged.
The second change is the change of China's international role. This crisis is a crisis of high debt and advanced consumption in developed countries, while China is a country with high savings and low consumption. Therefore, China’s uniqueness in this crisis has made its impact on changes in the world political and economic structure It is very profound. For the textile and garment industry and knitting enterprises, the best way now is to go out and cooperate with foreign enterprises in various ways.
The third change is that the internal conditions of China’s development are changing. It has now fallen from a high-speed growth stage to a medium-low-speed growth stage. Due to the continuous changes in the supply structure of growth factors, it will eventually lead to the disappearance of the demographic dividend. I believe that China’s processing, The supply of labor for assembly has reached a turning point.
In an economic sense, China is not a country, but a collection of regions with different levels of development. Therefore, when industries in other countries undergo one transfer and one transfer, China will have multiple transfers and multiple transfers. Situation. Therefore, the development of China's industry has its own uniqueness. To study the development of China's clothing industry, we should have our own perspective. The current stage of transformation and upgrading is a painful process, which is full of opportunities and challenges. But the opportunities outweigh the challenges, and the prospects are still bright.
Shen Shunnian, Vice President of China Knitting Industry Association
Warp knitting industry looks forward to leapfrog development Today, when the scientific and technological revolution liberates productivity and the global information economy is integrated, the new historical mission of the textile industry is to move from a major textile country to a textile power. Under the guidance of the "Twelfth Five-Year Development Plan for the Textile Industry" and the "Outline for Building a Textile Power (2011-2020)", the warp knitting industry is facing the heavy task of structural adjustment and industrial upgrading. Under this same background, we propose that China's warp knitting activities are an important exploration in the new era of the development of the textile industry, an important exploration to promote the warp knitting culture and warp knitting industry to the general public, and the adjustment and upgrading of the warp knitting industry structure. It is also an important exploration for the development of Chinese warp knitting brand.
On May 18 this year, hosted by the Press Center of China Knitting Industry Association, China Textile Industry Federation, China Knitting Industry Association Warp Knitting Branch, Donghua University, Beijing Institute of Fashion Technology, Shanghai University of Engineering and Technology, China Textile Economic Information Network Industrial Cluster The "Walking to the grassroots level to see textiles" organized by the People's Government and China Warp Knitting Information Network officially kicked off.
Passing by Haining Station, Meili Station, Runyuan Station, Karl Mayer Station in Germany, arrived in Frankfurt, Beijing, Zhejiang and other five major provinces, cities and regions at home and abroad, the number of on-site activities reached more than 2,000 people, and the trip exceeded 20,000 kilometers. There are more than 50 person-times with industry association leaders, more than 100 person-times of local leaders, and hundreds of person-times of business leaders. Local leaders pay attention wherever they go, and the activities are huge. Carry out in-depth research at the grassroots level of the industry, further explore the important content of industrial upgrading such as warp knitting culture construction, industrial structure adjustment, technological progress, brand building, and scientifically promote the sound and rapid development of the industry. This event drove the vigorous development of warp knitting industry culture, created mainstream values of the industry, promoted the development of industrial economy with the effects of industrial culture, and focused on building a strong warp knitting culture, laying a solid foundation for the leap-forward development of China's warp knitting industry and promoting the industry Continuous improvement of competitiveness. The plan for the next stage of the China Warp Knitting Campaign is to create a group of warp knitting leaders, build a group of warp knitting brand enterprises, build a group of warp knitting brand clusters, and strive to build "Chinese warp knitting" into a "Chinese textile" Important brand.
Professor Wu Changqi, Guanghua School of Management and Guanghua Leadership Institute, Peking University
Turn comparative advantage into competitive advantage The transformation and upgrading of China's manufacturing industry is facing opportunities and challenges. The changes that have taken place in China in the past 30 years are the process of China's industrialization, and the organic combination of capital and labor has created tremendous productivity. In the early stages of reform and opening up, it started in Guangdong. At that time, Comrade Deng Xiaoping proposed that if mainland China could rebuild a few Hong Kong, the world would look at China with admiration.
Twenty years ago, Hong Kong’s GDP was 25% of that of Mainland China. In 2011, Hong Kong’s GDP was equivalent to 3.3% of the Mainland. Mr. Deng Xiaoping’s early ideas have become reality in another sense today. Comparing China and India, in 1990, India’s per capita GDP was slightly higher than that of China, but today China’s per capita GDP is four times that of India. However, the advent of the financial crisis has had a huge impact on the world economic environment. In 2009, the GDP growth rates of the BRIC countries were 8.7% in China, 5.5% in India, 0 in Brazil, and -7.0% in Russia. Changes in the total factor productivity of the BRIC countries: China's total factor productivity average annual growth rate exceeds 4%, India is less than 3%, Brazil and Russia are both less than 0.5%. The challenge of industrial transformation and upgrading at this stage is capital, talent, land resources, and management system. The way of industrial transformation and upgrading is to eliminate backward productivity and cultivate enterprises with core competitiveness.
Companies must be able to transform China’s comparative advantages into corporate competitive advantages in order to gain a foothold in the international market. At present, China’s textile and apparel industry is transforming from a labor-intensive industry to a capital- and technology-intensive industry. For Chinese companies, technology The significance of progress and the improvement of efficiency are based on a full understanding of China's comparative advantages. Competitive advantages must be based on the full use of these comparative advantages.
Milan, Italy is an important town in the world's clothing industry. Due to the competition between Chinese and Indian products, the market is shrinking. Italian manufacturers have begun to differentiate, setting up companies or placing orders in China to reduce costs. The plight of the Italian clothing industry is of reference significance for the current Chinese textile and clothing industry.
China's industrial transformation and upgrading is the only way for China's future economic development. The power and capabilities of enterprises are the protagonists of industrial transformation and upgrading. Enterprises can enhance their competitiveness through innovation and seek development in the global market.